The Moxon name originated in Yorkshire where it continues to have the greatest presence. However, there are now Moxons all over Australia and New Zealand. Moxons Down Under is an informal network within The Moxon Society which is incorporated in the UK. The Society has annual gatherings in England. We'd like to do so in Australia sometime soon.
Each Moxon early settler is described separately. Check the topics or search for a name.
How many of you knew that Sydney was bombed during World War
2? I certainly don’t remember learning
this at school in the 1960s. However, my
sister in law, Bette Mason (nee Moxon) certainly remembers it, because she was
a teenager at the time.
I recently interviewed Bette, now aged 88 and living in a
retirement village in Kincumber on the Central Coast of NSW about her life as a
young girl and as a teenager. Having
been born in December 1927, she has vivid memories of life during the war:
“We were living in Bronte and they
started bombing off the coast. Mum
didn’t like that so we moved to Hazelbrook. I went to Katoomba High
School. And when I finished there in
Third Year, she wanted me to go back to Fort Street. So I went back to Fort Street, but they were
so far ahead of me, so advanced. I
didn’t like it so I left and found a variety of jobs, including back door receptionist at the Minerva Theatre
The bombardment of Sydney, particularly the eastern suburbs,
occurred in June 1942
and quickly stopped but the residents of Bondi and Bronte were not to know
that. Like many others, the Moxons
sought safety in the Blue Mountains.
In 1936, for reasons unknown to Bette, her parents had taken
her to London by ship, the steamer Moreton Bay. I asked her how she felt about this:
“I was only eight at the time. I didn’t question their decision to go. We saw many countries, it was six weeks in
those days. It was very enjoyable. I was always curious about new things.
“It was hard getting used to my school at
Sydenham. I wasn’t very popular because
this foreigner topped the class at the end of the year. But also, they asked me to speak Australian,
and I said I was. But they said I couldn’t be Australian because my mother’s
not black. So that was their knowledge
“We rented half a house in Sydenham. It was very old and had a ballroom upstairs. Mum and dad weren’t married at the time, they
got married when we returned to Australia in 1938, before John was born.”
I showed Bette three photos, one of two adults and a little
girl, one of the same adults with two children, and another of the same man.
“Oh, this one here is me with Mum and
Dad. (See above). I was about seven or eight at the
time, and yes, it was before we went to England. And that one is Dad – Bert – he looks a bit
younger there. I always called him Dad, even
though he was my adopted father.
Bert Moxon 1902-1987
“My real father was Alf Prahl, but I
didn’t see him from the time my mother left him until I was 45, when he contacted
me. I invited him up to Narrabri for a
holiday, but I just thought of him as Alf, never as dad. I felt embarrassed sometimes, when I
unthinkingly talked about mum and dad this, mum and dad that. But I couldn’t help it – I hadn’t seen him
for 40 years, never a birthday card or anything.
“I think it was Mum’s doing
really. She told him she never wanted to
see him again, and didn’t want any money from him.
Bert was a real father to me, and
later he formally adopted me.”
The third photo showed Bette, aged about 12 with her parents
and brother John, born in 1938.
Viv, Bert, John and Bette Moxon 1940
“We were living at Lewisham when that
was taken, because John was just a toddler then. I loved having a baby brother, I’d been an
only child up till then. I used to
pretend he was mine, pushing him everywhere in his stroller. That was before we moved to Bronte during the
Born in 1794, James Moxham was a son
– probably the oldest – of Thomas and Sarah Moxham of Birmingham, baptised on
20th July, 1795.
In 1813, James joined the Foot Guard
during the Napoleonic Wars.
This Moxham family established
themselves as gunsmiths and later, maltsters and were upwardly mobile in
Birmingham throughout the 19thcentury.
James’ brother, Thomas (born 1804)
was originally a gun stockman, then a gunsmith, and at his death was described
as a gun manufacturer, leaving an estate of “less than £12,000” at his death in
1878. His son Thomas, a maltster was also wealthy, leaving just under the same
However, in February 1819, James
Moxham was convicted at the Northampton Assizes of uttering forged notes and
transported to New South Wales for fourteen years. He arrived on the Prince
Regent in early 1820 and was sent to Parramatta for distribution. At one
stage he was located at Port Macquarie, but returned to Sydney well before
obtaining his ticket of leave in 1831. He was given a certificate of Freedom in
early 1833 when his sentence expired.
By 1826, James had requested and been
approved to marry another convict Diana Hughes, also known as Mary Anne
Rycroft, a dressmaker from London who was sentenced to transportation for life,
arriving on the Midas in 1825.
By 1829, he was working for a Mr
Jennings in Castlereagh Street, making shoes for children with misshapen feet,
and gaining an excellent reputation for such work. When he gained his
certificate of freedom, he set up in his former calling as a gunsmith.
There is no NSW record of any
children being born to James Moxham and his wife Diana/Mary Anne. It would
appear that James died in 1848 in the Goulburn area, aged 55.
Robert Moxon, a butcher by trade,
was baptised at St Mary’s, Nottingham on 4 April, 1803, the son of John and
Phebe Mugson.In every other record, his
parents were named Moxon.A John Moxon
had married Phoebe Teel in South Lynn, Norfolk in 1794, the only recorded
marriage of a John Moxon and a Phoebe.A
son John was born to the couple in 1796 and a daughter Elizabeth in 1805.Sadly Elizabeth died the same year.
In 1818, his older brother John
was convicted of larceny and sentenced to seven years transportation. He arrived in Port Jackson on the Lord
Sidmouth in March 1819 and was assigned to Captain Piper, a naval officer after
whom the now affluent Sydney suburb of Point Piper is named.
John appears to have been highly
regarded by his master, who found him “an honest, sober, industrious character,
having faithfully served his master” (note 1), and recommended for a ticket of
leave in 1823. Being a seaman, he became a ferryman on Sydney harbour and
married a daughter of the well-known ferryman William Blue. (See Moxons Down
Under Newsletter - May 2013)
The year after John’s conviction
in 1818, younger brother Robert came to the attention of the law in Nottingham. After a sentence of 12 months in October
1819, followed by an acquittal for a second offence, he was again convicted on
11th January 1821 of stealing from a shop (where he worked maybe?) and
sentenced to seven years transportation.
He was sent to the convict hulk Justitia moored at Greenwich and on 26th
March 1821 sailed for Port Jackson on the Adamant.
His behaviour suggests he might
have been looking for a sentence of transportation after a positive experience
by his brother, but then again maybe he just couldn’t help himself.
Robert was noted in the 1822
muster as also working for Captain Piper, but maybe the latter was disappointed
in his work and character.
By 1825, Robert was re-assigned
to a landholder at Bathurst, a Mr Hawkins.
The very same year, he used his brother John’s Certificate of Freedom,
and absconded. Quickly caught, he was
subjected to 50 lashes, and returned to his master at Bathurst. Imagine his scars: by the fourth lash of a
leather cat o’ nine tails, his skin would be broken, and by 50 lashes, his
backbone would have been exposed. The
punishments were inflicted by other convicts, sometimes the convict’s fellow
workers, in order to break loyalties.
Robert would have been expected
to go back to work immediately, and his back may not have been washed until the
following day. (note 2)
This event did not seem to have
extended his sentence, because by 28th January 1828, he too had gained his
certificate of freedom. However Robert
seemed not to be able to avoid temptation.
In 1830 he was tried for stealing beef and acquitted, but in 1833, he
was gaoled for larceny.
It is assumed that John Moxon
died before 1834 because Susannah Moxon married George Lavender in 1834. No death record can be found.
Robert too, fades into oblivion. Nothing further is heard of him in either
Australia or England.
1. Ancestry.co.uk New South
Wales Colonial Secretary’s papers, 1788-1856. Downloaded 20/11/15
Scott Moxon Hults, a Moxon Society member who lives in Alabama, USA has discovered that one of his ancestor's brothers migrated to Australia. He was John Walter Moxon, born 1850 in London, one of 11 children of George and Louisa Scott Moxon. He married Sarah Ann Pearson in Southwark, Surrey in 1872.
John W. and Sarah Moxon arrived in Melbourne on the Lincolnshire from Gravesend on 9th September 1875.
John Walter was the brother of Scott's great grandfather, Arthur Moxon, born in Lambeth, London in 1860 and died in New Haven, CT in 1909.
So here is another Moxon family spread around the world. Scott and his wife Vivian have been working on the tree MX48 for the Society.
We've just discovered, thanks to a Moxon Society member in the UK, that Thomas Moxon, the first Moxon convict to arrive in Australia is connected to the Joshua Middleton Moxon family. Thomas was Joshua's great uncle. He'd probably never heard of Thomas since it would have been a scandal to have a convict in the family. Joshua's grandfather was Joshua Moxon, born 1751, baptised in Silkstone, and Thomas was his younger brother born 1759. They were two of the many sons of John Moxon or Moakson of Silkstone born 1717.
William Ernest Moxon, born in Ramsgate Kent in 1863 and Thomas Frank Moxon, born in Charlton, Kent in 1865, followed their elder brother Robert Julius to Australia in 1887. Initially, William and Thomas worked together, establishing a service of small steamers along the Queensland coast. However, William was headhunted by the Adelaide Steamship Company in 1890, and became its first Queensland manager and inspector.
He moved with the company to Western Australia and raised a family there, returning to his former position in Queensland in 1918. He took an active interest in industrial, commercial and shipping interests in both states, and in the days preceding Federation, he worked hard in Western Australia for the formation of the National Parliament.
In his younger days, he played cricket, soccer and hockey and was an enthusiastic fisherman.
He died at his home in Southport, Qld in 1946, aged 82. He was survived by several children. His children were Philip, Janet, Thomas and Nora.
Meanwhile, Thomas Frank Moxon, having served time as a seaman since 1880 when he was 14, joined the AUSN Co Ltd as a first officer and then ship's master on steamships plying the east coast. He and his brother joined forces in 1891 and established Moxon & Co, working on their own account. But after 1893, he carried on the shipping business on his own, and increasingly became attracted to the timber industry. In 1903, Moxon & Company Pty Ltd was incorporated.
At the time of his death in 1936, he was the chairman of a prosperous group of companies based in Cairns, Brisbane and Sydney.
Robert Julius Moxon (1861-1910) was the first of three brothers from Kent and India to migrate to Australia. He was born in Bangalore, India, the son of a British Army Officer. He was educated in England, as were his brothers and migrated to Australia aboard the SS John Duthie in 1883. He was ordained an Anglican deacon in 1886, priest in 1889 and was married to Hilda Brunskill Moran in 1888.
They had seven children - Hilda D (1889), Robert W.G (1891), Thomas D.B. (1893), Marjorie May (1897), Clifford J.M. (1900), Violet F.E. (1903) and Patricia E. (1908).
He worked in the Parishes of the Lower Clarence, Tenterfield and Inverell (all in NSW) before being created an Archdeacon in Grafton. He died at the age of 48 in 1910.
Sadly, his daughter Hilda's husband Archibald Tindal was killed at the Battle of the Somme in World War 1, and their son was the first person killed by the Japanese in Darwin in World War 11. Tindal RAAF base is named after the latter.
His son Thomas D.B., known as Doug, had one son T.W.G., known as Glen. Glen Moxon, born in 1922 passed away in 2010 in Byron Bay (northern NSW). His son Geoff Moxon wrote a long obituary which was published in the Moxon Magazine in April 2011.